Anatomy of Architecture

Anatomy of buildings.

Some of these words are used frequently in English and some are fairly rare. The next page published will look at the ones we need to know in daily english and those that are specialist words.

This is an interesting task! See how many of the list below you can identify in the two buildings in Poitiers.

Top
Eaves……….part of the roof that overhangs the walls.
Turrets…….a small tower at the corner of the building.
Tower…….. Tall, narrow part of a building projecting up through the roof.
Garret……… a room in the roof of a house.
Rotunda…….a round building or room.
Rampart…….a wall defending a building thick enough to walk on.
Battlement…wall at the top of a castle with holes to fire through.
Slate ………..dark, grey, smooth rock used for roofing tiles of more expensive buildings.
Ridge…………the edge formed where 2 sloping sides of a roof meet at the top.
Parapet………a low wall along the adge of a roof.
Chimney……..the stone structure through which smoke comes out.
Chimney-pot  the small round brick ontop of the chimney.

Middle
Balcony…………….a platform with a railing outside a window.
Shutter…………….wooden doors outside the window.
French window….doors with glass top to bottom, often opening onto balconies.
Window sill ………a small shelf infront of a window
Window panes…..the small portions of glass in each window.
Baluster……………a short pillar forming a series supporting a rail.
Balustrade………..the rail being supported by the baluster.
Gargoyle…………. the scary image of an animal or human on the side of a wall or roof.
Festoon……………pattern of flowers or ribbons on a chain, often around a window.

Bottom
Arch……………….curved structure spanning an opening.
Drainpipe……….a pipe carrying water down from a building.
Awning…………..canvas or material on a frame to provide shade.
Edifice…………..a large impressive building.

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